And then there is immigration, if you wonder why folks head north, although US-Mexico immigration is a net zero these days. Here's the story from LAHT (emphasis added)
The poverty rate in Mexico increased from 45.5 percent in 2012 to 46.2 percent in 2014, representing 55.3 million people, the National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy, known as Coneval, says in a new report.
At the same time, the number of people living in extreme poverty fell from 11.5 million to 11.4 million over a two-year period that saw Mexico’s population grow from 117.3 million to 119.9 million.
Coneval found that poverty increased in 13 of Mexico’s 31 states.
The highest poverty rates are found in the southern states of Chiapas, 76.2 percent; Oaxaca, 66.8 percent; and Guerrero, 65.2 percent; and in the central state of Puebla, 64.5 percent.
The study shows that 46.3 percent of women and 46 percent of men live in poverty. Among the indigenous population, traditionally the most disadvantaged segment of Mexican society, the proportion of poor people climbed to 73.2 percent in 2014.
Quarterly real household income decreased 3.5 percent between 2012 and 2014.
Coneval drew its conclusions based on data from the Socio-Economic Conditions Module in the National Survey of Household Income and Expenses, conducted between August and November 2014.
Last year the minimum wage in Mexico was $146.15 a month, one of the lowest in the Americas, according to a report from the U.N Development Program.
The Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean pointed to Mexico as the only country in the region where someone working full-time at the minimum wage would have an income below the poverty line.