The first Monday in February is a major public holiday in Mexico, Constitution Day. It commemorates the day in early February of 1917 when the Constitutional Convention of Queretero completed and approved the country's post-revolutionary document, still in effect today.
As here in the 1780s, the men who wrote the 1917 Mexican Constitution were seeking to embody the principles and gains fought for during the Revolution of 1910. Unlike here, the Mexican revolution involved deep social, economic, and cultural issues, and the resulting Constitution shows that. It was the first of the 20th-century Constitutions to go beyond merely governmental structure.
Land and labor had been two of the driving forces beyond the disparate groups who had united to overthrow Porfirio Diaz's presidential dictatorship. Articles in the new constitution called for illegally seized land to be returned to peasant communities. Ownership of land would henceforth be subject to limitations in the public interest. Labor could organize and bargain collectively, and strike.
A cultural issue still hanging over from the 19th century produced strong anti-clerical provisions aimed at what some felt was the excessive and malevolent power of the Catholic Church, the religion of most Mexicans. These articles would produce tragically deadly conflicts during the 1920s, but by the 1940s much of the anti-clerical animus died down, and on his several visits after 1980, Pope John Paul II could hail "Mexico, siempre fiel!"
this recent editorial.
For decades, if not centuries, Oaxaca does not advance, and not only that, all indications are that it goes backwards. Each new term of Government political and social matters are worse. Each State Government leaves a larger debt, doubled, maybe tripled by the current. But not only in the political power in all matters Oaxaca goes back.Oaxaca this week was new note of national scandal, news of the red note call of which we are so prolific; new medical malpractice which add to the large number of them; died in early lawsuits between CTM and CNP, quasi construction mafias; attacks sent assassins to close streets, attacking the historic, extort money from motorists to let them pass.It goes on for quite a screed and it worth clicking and translating.... or just go on by.